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Adhesive capsulitis, commonly known as frozen shoulder, is a condition that causes pain and stiffness in the shoulder joint. The exact cause of adhesive capsulitis is not fully understood, but several factors and mechanisms are believed to contribute to its development:

AGE AND GENDER: Adhesive capsulitis is more common in individuals ages 40 and older, and it tends to affect women more often than men.

GENETICS: Some research suggests that there may be a genetic component to the development of frozen shoulder, as it can run in families.

TRAUMA OR INJURY: A previous shoulder injury or trauma can increase the likelihood of developing adhesive capsulitis.

AUTOIMMUNE DISORDERS: In some cases, autoimmune disorders may play a role in triggering inflammation in the shoulder joint, leading to adhesive capsulitis.

INFLAMMATION: Inflammatory processes within the shoulder joint can lead to the formation of adhesions (scar tissue) in the capsules surrounding the joint. This inflammation may be triggered by injury, overuse, or other underlying medical conditions.

IMMOBILIZATION OR LACK OF USE: Adhesive capsulitis often develops after a period of immobility or reduced use of the shoulder joint. This can result from injury, surgery, or simply not using the arm for an extended period due to pain or discomfort.

DIABETES: Individuals with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing adhesive capsulitis. The exact reason for this association is not clear, but it is believed that diabetes may affect the connective tissues in the shoulder joint, making them more prone to inflammation and adhesion formation.

OTHER MEDICAL CONDITIONS: Certain medical conditions, such as thyroid disorders, cardiovascular disease, and Parkinson’s disease, hae also been linked to an increased risk of developing frozen shoulder.

It’s important to note that the exact cause and contributing factors may vary from person to person. Adhesive capsulitis can be a complex condition, and its development is likely influenced by a combination of factors. If you suspect you have adhesive capsulitis or are experiencing shoulder pain and stiffness, it is essential to seek medical evaluation and treatment from a healthcare professional, such as an orthopedic specialist, to address the underlying cause and manage the condition effectively. Treatment options may include physical therapy, medication, and, in some cases, surgical intervention to release adhesive and restore shoulder mobility.